Glaucoma ,what is known commonly as “kaala motia”” or “ Kaach Bindu”.
It is the chronic stealer of vision.It is the disease of optic nerve cuased by increase in eye pressure. To retain configuration and biodynamic functions of the eye, a fluid is formed inside the eye. This fluid is called aqueous humour. This fluid is being continuously formed and simultaneously drained out of the eye. There is a very delicate balance of inflow and out flow of this fluid. As long as this balance is retained, the eye functions normally. This balance can be disturbed if either the over production of aqueous or reduced drainage resulting increase in pressure that presses on the blood vessels that bring blood supply to the optic nerve, resulting in poor nutrition and oxygenation of the optic nerve.